A Short Introduction To The Philately Of Palestine

Postal Use of EEF Stamps outside Palestine

Preface

Large parts of the Ottoman Empire were conquered and occupied between 1917 and the armistace of Kudros on 30.10.1918. British (Egyptian Expeditionary Forces, E.E.F.) and French forces occupied Palestine, then Syria and finally reached Cilicia.
Initially E.E.F. stamps were used. Eventually they were replaced by specific occupation stamps issued by British and French administrations. Though sale of E.E.F. stamps stopped consequently, they remained valid for some time.

TerritotyUsage of E.E.F. stampsSpecific Stamps IssuedPost Offices
Syria (with Sandjak Alexandrette)23.09.1918--23.03.192221.11.191930
Lebanon21.09.1918--September 192024
Cilicia2.09./21.10.1919--16.07.19204.03.1919--23.05.1919 (T.E.O.)
Febr. 1920 (O.M.F.)
7

Invalidation was decreed for all these territories for 1.05.1922.
Cilicia has a complicated history of occupation and reoccupation by various forces. The French initially produced local overprints ("T.E.O. Cilicie" on Turkish stamps), but withdrew them on 23.05.1919. Until new stamps were provided after the reoccupation (overprint "O.M.F. Cilicie" on French stamps) E.E.F. stamps were used.

work in progress

Cover SG No. 10 010_APOSZ8 (27K)

Commercial cover. SG no. 10 cancelled with HALEP / 3 / 23.7.19 to Moksdorf (Saxony) and redirected to Schweizerthal. On back censorship mark: LA CENSURE MILITAIRE / HALEP and censor's signature.

Overseas letter with SG no. 10. Cancellation: FIELD POST OFFICE / SZ 8 / NO 27 / 18, destined for Springfield, Ill., USA. Censor mark PASSED BY CENSOR / No 10 / ---. FPO SZ8 is believed to have been stationed in Beirut until the end of November 1918. On reverse transit marking PORT SAID / F / -6.XII.18.9-AM

Cover Mersine 010_cover2 (105K)

Registered cover from Cilicia. SG nos. 5, 9 and 10 (in pair) cancelled with MERSINE / [?] / 15.9.19 to Liestal (Switzerland). Registration mark with pencilled-in 715 and additional registration label MERSINE / 715. On back arrival marks: LIESTAL / 12.X.19-7.

Registered letter from Damascus to Switzerland. SG no. 10 (twice) cancelled with DAMAS / 1 / 14 7-919*. Handwritten registration mark Damas / R N 722. On reverse transit mark PORT-SAID / R / 17JL 19 2 30 P und arrival mark BERN / BRIEFTRÄGER / 23.VII.19.

009_homs (67K)

Eight copies (two blocks of four each) of SG no. 9 on postal form (piece of a money order).
Octogonal postmark HOMS 1 / 29 11 19.

190903_tarsus (35K)

Turkish postcard, overprinted Cilicie (Mayo PC106) with additional stamps: 3m EEF (SG no. 7) plus three Turkish stamps overprinted T.E.O / Cilicie: 2x 5p (Mayo 134) and 10p (Mayo 119). Postmark: Tarsus 3.09.19. French censor handstamp: TERRITOIRES ENNEMIE / OCCUPES / Zone–Nord–Cilicie / TARSOUS – CENSURE
Image: Ebay

191022_014_adanapoV (30K) 191022_014_adanapoR (30K)
Despatch note for a parcel, value 600 Piastres, from Adana to Constantinople. Franked with 10p "Typo" (S.G. no. 14).
Postmarks: Adana 3, 22.10.1919, on reverse Constantinople Parcel Center Arrival "dersaadet mevrude paket dairesi", 28.10.1919.
halepcover1 (26K) halepcover2 (30K)

Somewhat unattractive but interesting cover dating to February 1919: franked with SG no. 10 this letter was apparently directed to Ghalta (Galata). As far as I can read the markings the cover took a huge detour to arrive: the direct connection between Syria an unoccupied Turkey was surely blocked at the time, so Beirut was a logical next stage; but maybe the letter took a wholy wrong direction at one point.

halepcover3 (16K)
halepcover4 (18K)
halepcover5 (64K)
halepcover6 (10K)

Markings on the front side: double strike of HALEP / 3 / -2-2-19, an Egyptian censor mark (pi-shape),
and a very light strike of a very large F.
On the reverse side we find: BEYROUTH / 1[3?]-2-19- ,
PORT-SAID / E / 18 II. 19[...] -- AM,
[GHALTA]?,
[unclear],
negative seal [MARKAS-AL-BARID] (= Mailcentre).
Since I have very limited knowledge of the Turkish language and postmarks there's little sense I can make out of this letter.
If you can decipher anything here, please do contact me (by e-mail)!

Syrie Gran Liban

The following table lists Post Offices in the occupied territories (outside Palestine) for the period between the progressive advance of the allied troops and the end of usage of E.E.F. stamps. The list relies to a large extent on published information and is in need of further study. Where no inscription is given, the postmark contained only Arab script, sometimes as negative seal.

Post Offices

NCPlaceArea
301AdanaCil.
Adana, ~ / 1., ~ / 2., ~ / 3., ~ / 4.
302Adana -- Osmaniye TPOCil.
Adana -- Osmanie
303AjlunJord
-
304AkkariSyr
Akiar (Syrie), Akkar (Syrie)
305Aleih [Aley]Lib
Alie (Liban)
306Aleppo [Halab]Syr
Halep / 2, ~ / 3, ~ / 5, ~ / 8, Alep / 6
307Alexandrette [Iskenderun]Alex
Alexandrette
308AlexandriaEgy
Base Post Office Z
309Amman ['Amman]Jord
-
310Antakia [Hatay]Alex
Antakie / 2
311Ba'abdaLib
Baabda
312Baalbek [Ba'labakk]Lib
Baalbek
313Bab [al-Bab]Syr
Bab
314BabitoumaSyr
Babitoma (Damas)
315BatrounLib
-
316Behamdoun [Bhamdoun]Lib
Behamdoun
317Beit ed-DineLib
Beit ed dine
318Beit MeryLib
Beit Mery (Beyrouth)
319BekaaLib
Bekaa, (Bekaa)
320Beyrouth [Bayrut]Lib
Beyrouth, ~ / 2, ~ / 3, ~ / 4, ~ / 5, ~ / 6, ~ / 7, ~ / 8, ~ / 9, ~ / 11, ~ / 14, ~ / 16
321BouzantiSyr
Bouzanti
322BroumanaLib
Broumana, Broumana (Liban)
323Cheik Meskin [Cheikh Miskin]Syr
-
324Damascus [Dimashq]Syr
Damas / 1, ~ / 2, ~ / 3, ~ / 4, ~ / 5, ~ / 6, ~ / 7, ~ / 8
325Damour [ad-Damur]Lib
Damour, Damor
326Deir el-QamarLib
Deir el Kamar
327Der'a [Dar'a]Syr
Deraa
328Deurt-Yol [Dört Yol]Alex
Deurt-Yol
329Djey AleppoSyr
Djey-Alep
330Djey Han [Ceyhan]Alex
Djey-Han
331Djezzin [Jazzin]Lib
Djezzine (Liban)
332DjonLib
Djon (Liban)
333Djounie [Juniyah]Lib
Djounie
334Djubeil [Jbail]Lib
Djubeil (Liban)
335DjureuLib
Djureu (Liban)
336Douma [Duma]Syr
Douma
337Edleb [Idlib]Syr
Edleb / 1
338FekeCil
Feke
339Habib SoukSyr
Habib (Souk)
340HajjinCil
Hadjin
341HamaSyr
Hama / 1
342HardinLib
-
343Hasbaya [Hasbaiya]Lib
Hasbaya
344HasineCil
Hasine
345HasrounLib
-
346Hommana [Hammana]Lib
Hommana
347Homs [Hims]Syr
Homs / 1.
348KantaraEgy
Base Post Office K
349Katana [Qatana]Syr
Katana
350Kerak [al-Karak]Jord
-
351KousbaLib
-
352KozanCil
Kozan
353Lattakia [al-Lathqiyah]Syr
Laskie / 1., Lattaquie
354MadabaJord
-
355Masraat ech-ChoufLib
-
356Massel el-ChoufLib
Moussalc, Moussalc (Liban)
357Merdjajoun [Merjayoun]Lib
Merdjaoun, Merdjajoun
358Mersina [Icel]Cil
Mersine, ~ / 1., ~ / 2.
359Mersina [Icel]Cil
Army Post Office SZ 50
360Meshghara [Machghara]Jord
-
361MounboudjeSyr
Mounboudje
362Nabatti [an-Nabatiyah]Lib
Nabatti
363Nebk [an-Nabk]Syr
Nebik
364OsmaniyeCil
Osmanie
365PayassSyr
Payass
366Port SaidEgy
Base Post Office T, Army Post Office SZ 22
367QariounSyr
-
368Racheya [Rachaiya]Lib
Racheya / 1., Rachia
369RoumiéLib
Roumye (Liban)
370Safita [Safita']Syr
Safita
371Salt [as-Salt]Jord
-
372Savour [Tyre, Sour]Lib
Savour
373SelimieSyr
Selimie
374Sidan [Sayda]Lib
Saida (Echelle)
375SuezEgy
A.P.O. S.Z. 10
376Suweidiya [as-Suwayda']Syr
Suvedie
377TaliaSyr
Talia (Baaklbek)
378Tall KalakhSyr
Tel Kelakh
379Tarsous [Tarsus]Cil
Tarsous / ~ 1.
380Tartous [Tartus]Syr
Tartous
381TibninLib
Tibnin (Liban)
382Tripoli [Tarabulus]Syr
Tripoli--Syrie 1 / ~ 2
383Wadi Sharour [Ouadi Charour]Lib
-
384Zahle [Zahlah]Lib
Zahle
385Zebdani [Zabdani]Syr
Zebdani

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[Created 2.06.2004, last revised 5.06.2008]
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